With over 10 crore population Bihar is the 3rd state in terms of Population out of which 63.82% are literate. About 85% of the population is represented by rural regions of Bihar.Patna in the capital district.Bihar has a rich history and was the centre of power, learning and culture in ancient and classical India . Buddhism flourished in the lands of Bihar and even today Bodh Gaya, Nalanda, Rajgir Vaishali, Bhagalpur, Vikramsila and Sutanganj are a must visit pilgrimage for Buddhists.
Bihar has extreme temperature, fertile land and fauna noted for Tiger population and river Dolphins which is our national Aquatic animal.
Bihar still holds the reputation of being an underdeveloped state in terms of Human and economic development though the past few years are seeing reforms in rural employment, women empowerment, law & order and livelihood policies.
The economy of Bihar is service oriented and agricultural based. Service accounts for 55%, agricultural accounts for 35% and industry accounts for 9% in Industry. Bihar is the first largest producer of vegetables and second largest producer of fruits in the country. Production of maize, sugarcane, litchi, makhana, mango, vegetables, and aromatic rice is also carried out.
Bihar is the largest producer of honey in the country. The major agro based industries of Bihar are of rice, sugar, edible oil.
The rice mills are located at Bauxer Karbisganch in Purnia district, Araria. Sugar mills are located at Banmankhi in Purnia District, Bauxer, Madora in Saran District, Samastipur and Bihata in Patna District.The edible oil mills are located at Araria, Banmankhi in Purnia District, Bauxer, Lakhisarai at Munger district. The textile industries are at Bhagalpur, Gaya, Nalanda, Darbhanga, Madhubani, Siwan and Patna. Aewal, Aurangabad, Gaya, Jamui, Jehanabad,Kaimur(Bhabua), Munger, Nawada and Rohtas districts comes under LWE regions of the state.
IKYA Parivartan has been successful in transforming lives of BPL youth in Madhubani, Muzaffarpur and Patna districts of Bihar.